Interesting Facts About Mother Russia Statue: “The Motherland Calls”

The Motherland Calls or Mother Motherland or the Mamayev monument in Russia is a statue of a woman raising her sword to the sky commemorating the Battle of Stalingrad. This monument is on the list of the Seven Wonders of Russia and is considered to be one of the highest monuments not only in Russia, but in the whole European continent.
The statue also serves as a symbol of the Soviet victory during World War II, in which the Red Army defeated the German troops. The statue’s name more literally translates to ‘the Motherland that gave birth to me is calling,’ referring to the allegorical Mother Russia.
It was designed by sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich and structural engineer Nikolai Nikitin, and declared the largest statue in the world in 1967. Today, it is the tallest statue in Europe and the tallest statue of a woman in the world, not including pedestals.
The statue was built to memorialize the Battle of Stalingrad between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany in between the years 1942 to 1943. The statue was completely built in 1967 and considered the world’s tallest structure with a total height of 85 meters.
The statue measures 52 meters high and the sword in the statues hand measures about 33 meters. It is located atop Mamayev Kurgan, in Volgograd, Russia, 50 miles from the Volga River.
Read on to explore more interesting facts about Mother Russia Statue:
1. The monument construction was a very profound undertaking. Only the best specialists were employed to work on it. The leader of the project was Vutevich who had already created an ensemble monument to Soviet soldiers in Berlin and the sculpture “We Shall Beat Our Swords in Plowshares” that still adorns the square in front of the UN building in New York. The engineer group was headed by Nikolai Nikitin, who took part in projecting Moscow State University and the Ostankino TV tower.
2. The Motherland Calls is highly complex from an engineering point of view, due to its characteristic posture with a sword raised high in the right hand and the left hand extended in a calling gesture.
The technology behind the hollow statue is based on a combination of prestressed concrete with wire ropes structure, a solution which can be found also in another work of Nikitin’s, the super-tall Ostankino Tower in Moscow.
3. The hasty construction of the sculpture and the site’s rising water levels have caused the statue to lean considerably over time, prompting concerns that it may collapse.
In 2009, reports emerged that the statue was leaning thanks to changes in the level of underground water causing foundations’ movement. The statue is not fixed to its foundations and is held in place only by its weight.
An anonymous official claimed that it had shifted 20 centimeters and was not expected to move much farther without collapsing. The city is now working to restore it to its upright position. A program of monument restoration was developed in 2008–2009, and conservation and restoration work started in 2010.
In spring 2017, a comprehensive restoration program of the monument in the cost of two billion rubles will start, for one year and a half the statue will be closed by a scaffolding.
4. The statue features a serious expression of a call by the mother to her sons to stand up and fight for the motherland. The strong hands, open-mouthed (as if calling) expression, and the statue’s appearance create a feeling of power. The statue looks the best in all the seasons. Surrounding the statue is the memorial complex which includes the tombstone of Marshal Vasily Chuikov.
5. The 200 steps to the base of the statue symbolize the 200 days that the battle of Stalingrad endured.
6. During the building process, there was a need for a non-stop supply of concrete; otherwise the joints between layers could turn out to be insufficiently solid. The trucks delivering concrete to the monument were marked with colored stripes. Their drivers were allowed to run red lights and the police had no right to stop them.

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