Little-Known Interesting Facts About Coho Salmon: The Most Acrobatic Of The Pacific Salmon!

One of the most common and very marketable Pacific salmon is the Coho Salmon. The scientific name is Oncorhynchus kisutch. These salmon have several different names: silver (not to be confused with the Silverbright salmon), white, silversides, blush and Hoopid salmon to name a few.
salmonrunTraditionally, coho along with other species has been essential in the diet of many indigenous peoples, who’d also use it to trade with other ethnic groups farther inland. Also, the coho salmon is a symbol of many tribes, signifying life and sustenance.
In their freshwater stages, coho feed on insects and plankton, then change to a diet of tiny fish after entering the ocean as adults. Usually, Spawning habitats are minor streams with stable gravel substrates. The Salmonid species on the west coast of the US have experienced a dramatic reduction in abundance during the last many decades due to natural and human-induced factors.
The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) of United States has identified 7 populations, known as Evolutionary Significant Units (ESUs), of coho salmon in the Oregon, Washington, and California.
Four of these ESUs are now considered as the United States Endangered Species Act (ESA). These are the Oregon Coast (threatened), Lower Columbia River (Threatened), Northern California and Southern Oregon Coasts (threatened), and the Central California Coast (endangered). The enduring trend for the listed species is still downward, even though there was one recent great year with a rising trend in 2001.
The overall North Pacific harvest of coho salmon in 2010 surpassed 6.3 million fish, of which 4 ½ million were taken in the US and 1.7 million in Russia. This correlate to some 21,000 tons in total. Coho salmon are the Alaskan troll fishery’s backbone; though, the most of them are caught by net fishery (seine and gillnet). Coho salmon average 3.5 percent by fish and 5.9 percent by weight of the yearly Alaska salmon harvest. The overall North Pacific yields of the chum salmon, pink salmon, and the sockeye salmon are some 10 to 20 fold larger by weight.
The coho salmon is a very adaptable fish which occurs in almost all of the same waters like the larger Chinook salmon, but it is a more outstanding fighter and also the most acrobatic of the Pacific salmon. Cohos are smaller in compared to Chinook salmon, and in several places less abundant. But the coho is a much more adaptable light-tackle quarry than the chinook; even it is caught with most of the same techniques and tackle. Unlike the Chinook, it is near-surface, aerial battler, and streaky, rather than a deep and dogged fighter, though it, too, has terrific stamina. The flesh of coho is red and of high quality.
Unlike other salmon species that usually migrate long distances in the open ocean, coho stays in coastal waters. Their willingness to take lures, their nearness to land, and even their tendency to jump and dodge makes them a favorite among the sports fishers. Cohos are also caught in the First Nations food fisheries using traditional methods of nets, weirs, and gaffs. Commercial troll fisheries have always harvested coho as well, even though recent population instability has provoked the ongoing restrictions in all fisheries since 1998.
Cohos are fast, active fish. These salmon are often found in most BC coastal streams and several streams from Alaska to California, but their main territory lies between the Columbia River and Cook Inlet in Alaska. Coho spawns in more than half of the 1500 streams in BC and Yukon for which significant records are available. The Coho Salmon is one of the species of anadromous fish in the salmon family.
Coho’s can be found either fresh, smoked or frozen. You can purchase Coho’s head and gutted, fillets, steaks, and tail sections. The reddish-orange meat of the Coho is relatively high in fat content and has a good flake to it.
Interesting Facts about Coho Salmon:
1. Approximately 80% of commercially caught Coho salmon often come from the chilly waters off the coast of Alaska famous among fisherman due to its uncontrolled pursuit of baits and lures which intrude into its territory.
2. There are more unique populations of Coho than of any other Pacific salmon in BC.
3. Even though Coho tend to stay close to the coastline, they have been found at a distance of 1600km off the shore.
4. Juvenile Coho always defends their territories through a sequence of maneuvers including a complex shimmy-shake, generally dubbed by scientists the “wig-wag dance”.
5. Their diet is aquatic insects, fish, and squid.
6. Coho’s enemies are whales, birds, marine mammals, sharks, and humans.
7. The body size ranges from 24 to 30 inches long, and 8 to 12 pounds in weight.
8. During reproduction, they deposit 2,400-4,500 eggs in freshwater from September to February.
9. One ½ lb. Fillet of Coho Salmon has 42.8 grams of protein, 289 calories, 11.7 grams of fat, 91 milligrams of sodium and2.4 grams of saturated fat.
10. Some Native American societies used the Cohos as their symbol to represent life and its sustenance.

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