Latino Americans and Hispanic Americans are American citizens who’re descendants of the persons of the Spanish-speaking nation of the Iberian Peninsula and Latin America. More commonly, it includes all individuals in the US who self-identify as Latino or Hispanic, whether of partial or full ancestry. For the United States census in 2010, the American Community Survey, persons counted as “Latino” or “Hispanic” are those who identify themselves in specific Latino or Hispanic categories listed on the ACS questionnaire or census as well as those who specify that they’re ‘other Latino, Hispanic, or Spanish.’ The people or nations who’re in the Latino or Hispanic American groups as recognized by the Census Bureau are the following: Puerto Rico, Spain, Mexico, Cuba, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
The Census Bureau often uses the terms Latino and Hispanic interchangeably. Also significant to note is that the current Census Office of the United States excludes Brazilian-Americans from the Latino and Hispanic American population (Brazil is considered part of Latin America, but also has a Portuguese language culture rather than the Spanish language culture). Other United States government agencies have moderately different definitions of this term, including the Brazilians and any other Portuguese-speaking societies.
Origin can be regarded as the lineage, nationality group, ancestry, or country of birth of the individual or the parents of the person or the ancestors before their arrival in the US. People who often identify as Hispanic, Spanish, or Latino may be of any race. As the only precisely designated category of their ethnicity in the US (other than non- Latino/Hispanic), Hispanics create a pan-ethnicity integrating a diversity of inter-related linguistic and cultural heritages. Many Hispanic Americans are of Mexican, Cuban, Dominican, Guatemalan, or Colombian origin. The main Hispanic origin differs largely across the nation.
Each year, National Hispanic Heritage Month is superbly celebrated from September 15 to October 15. Even though the ‘month’ spans 2 calendar months, it’s considered to recognize the Latino and Hispanic American contributions, heritage and culture. Below are quick 10 fascinating facts about the Hispanic/Latino community in the US:
1. Latinos are the leading force in various small business enterprises, with 3.1 million Latino-owned businesses today in the country, based on the study by the United States Hispanic Chamber of Commerce.
2. Spanish is the widely spoken non-English language in the United States; a record of nearly 38 million persons age 5 and older do speak Spanish at home.
3. Hernández, García, Martínez & Rodríguez are the most popular Hispanic surnames in the United States in the year 2000. That year, it was the first time that a Hispanic surname attained the top 15 in the country during a census.
4. Hispanics are highly open to various mobile technologies. A study carried out by the PricewaterhouseCoopers revealed that Hispanics that make up 16.7% of the United States population based on the United States Census Bureau are more open to various mobile technologies than the non-Hispanics.
5. There are as numerous Latino Catholics in the United States as there are in the Central America. There are about 30 million Latinos in the United States who are Catholics. This is also the number of Catholics living in the Central America that ranks the second position in having the greatest density of Catholics in any region of the world, (right after South America).
6. Nearly half of United States’ Latinos own a home in the US. A Pew Research showed that 46 percent of Latinos in the United States own a home. Translated to actual numbers, this means that about 25 million Latinos own a home in the US.
7. Many foreign-born Latino immigrants opt to speak Spanish.
8. The term ‘Hispanic’ formerly represented a key relationship to Hispania, more generally known as Spain and Portugal, and the persons colonized by those 2 nations.
9. The terms Latino and Hispanic tend to be used interchangeably in the US for persons with origins in Portuguese-speaking or Spanish-speaking countries, like Brazil, Mexico, and Costa Rica. Contrary to several beliefs, Hispanic isn’t a race, but just an ethnicity.
10. Latinos make up 11.4% of active-duty military personnel according to the Department of Defense.