Interesting Facts About Tongue: Body’s Strongest Muscle

The tongue is a muscular organ in the mouth that helps to move found around and helps to move food into the throat for swallowing. It also helps for proper speech to form changes in sounds. It is attached to the floor of the mouth.
The tongue is the main sensory organ for taste. Its upper surface is covered with as many as 8,000 taste buds. The tongue has an anterior and posterior section.
The largest tongue in the world belongs to the blue whale, and it weighs about 2.7 tons. The human tongue is usually about 4 inches long, and women often have shorter tongues than men.
We use our tongues all the time to eat, talk, and swallow. Food just wouldn’t be the same without a working tongue, but have you ever thought about how this amazing organ does what it does?
Without it, we’d struggle to eat, breathe and talk — but how much do we really know about our tongues? We have, and we are going to share some of the most interesting facts about your tongue.
1. Dogs and cats often use their tongues to clean their fur and body. The very rough texture of their tongue allows them to remove oils and parasites.
2. In most countries it is considered rude to stick one’s tongue out. In Tibet this is not the case. In Tibet it is considered a greeting to stick out one’s tongue.
3. You don’t sense different tastes in different areas of the tongue. We grew up believing the tongue had four taste zones: one each for sweet, sour, salty, and bitter, but this is not the case. These tastes, along with a fifth taste called umami (savory), can be sensed on all parts of the tongue. The sides of the tongue are more sensitive overall than the middle, and the back of our tongue is more sensitive to bitter tastes.
4. Taste receptors cannot actually taste food until saliva has moistened it, for example we usually taste salty things first as salt dissolves quickly in moisture.
5. Tongueprints (actually tongue imprints) of humans are unique (very much same as the fingerprints). Tongues of different humans are of different shapes and will have different number of taste buds, thus making the tongue imprints unique.
6. Here is an interesting tongue fact – you don’t keep your tongue clean and you will get bad breath. Why so? That’s because our mouth is the home of 600 different types of bacteria and a single saliva drop contains 1 million of those bacteria. Our entire tongue remains moist due to saliva. So, can you ever imagine the number of bacteria present on our tongue?
7. Have you ever wondered why a dog’s tongue hangs out of its mouth after a lot of exercise? Well a dog’s tongue increases in size as it exercises due to greater blood flow, moisture on the tongue works to cool this blood flow, cooling the dog.
8. There are four extrinsic muscles which are attached to bone, they allow the tongue to change position, such as poke out, retract, side-to-side movement.
9. You can’t see your taste buds. Taste buds not visible to the human eye. Those little pink and white bumps you do see on your tongue are actually called papillae, hair-like projections that taste buds rest atop. Each has an average of six taste buds buried inside its surface tissue.
Most of your taste buds cannot be seen with the naked eye. What you are seeing that appear to be the taste buds are taste papillae, which are small buds that contain sensory nerve cells responsible for the sense of taste.
10. In terms of flexibility, tongue beats every other muscle in our body! Because of this flexibility, the tongue is capable of easily manipulating food inside the mouth and is also capable of acting as a natural cleanser for our teeth after a meal.
11. A person’s tongue can tell about their health. A yellow tongue indicates fever or stomach issue. A white tongue indicates a fungal infection. A pink tongue indicates that a person is likely in fairly good health.

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