A tree essentially has several secondary branches supported off the ground by the trunk. This trunk usually contains the woody tissue for strength and the vascular tissue to transport materials from one portion of the tree to another. For many trees, it’s surrounded by a layer of bark that serves as the protective barrier. Underneath, the branch of roots and spread out broadly; they help to support the tree and even extract nutrients and moisture from the soil. Above ground, the branches divide into smaller shoots and branches. The shoots naturally bear leaves that capture light energy and eventually convert it into sugars through photosynthesis, supplying the nutrients for the growth and development of trees. Fruit and flowers may also be present, though some trees, like conifers, instead have seed cones and pollen cones; others, like tree ferns, give rise to spores instead.
Trees play a vital role in moderating the climate and lowering erosion. They get rid of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store high quantities of carbon in their tissues. Forests and trees offer a habitat for several species of plants and animals. Tropical rainforests are among the most biodiverse habitats on Earth. Trees provide shelter and shade, fuel for cooking, timber for construction, and fruit for food as well as having several other uses. In some regions of the world, forests are reducing as trees are cleared to raise the quantity of land available for agriculture. Due to their usefulness and longevity, trees have continuously been revered, and they play an essential role in most of the mythologies of the world.
Dead trees often pose a safety risk, specifically during severe storms and high winds, and getting rid of dead trees involves a financial burden, while the availability of healthy trees can purifier the air, raise property values, and lower the temperature of the created environment and therefore lower building cooling costs. During periods of drought, trees can easily fall into water stress that may cause a tree to become very susceptible to insect problems and diseases, and eventually may lead to the death of a tree. Irrigating trees during dry seasons can lower the risk of deaths and water stress. Irrigation can be achieved by use of a garden hose, sprinkler, soaker hose, or advanced 5-gallon bucket.
Interesting Facts About Trees:
1. A mature tree removes nearly seventy times more pollution than a freshly planted tree.
2. Over 25 percent of the medicines we use originate in the rainforest plants
Only 1 percent of rainforest plants have been researched for medicinal properties. Each second a region of rainforest the size of the football pitch is destroyed meaning each day we might lose the potential cure.
3. World’s tallest tree is known as Hyperion
It is a coast redwood from California which measures an incredible 115.6 meters tall. The Biggest tree in the world by volume is the giant sequoia known as General Sherman that has a trunk 10-meter round and contains an approximated 1486 cubic meters of wood.
4. Water springing up from our national forests offer drinking water for more than 3400 communities and nearly 60 million people.
5. Trees are the longest living thing on earth. Do you know that trees do not die of old age? They are killed by diseases, insects or by people. Some of the oldest well-known trees such as the Giant Sequoias and the California Bristlecone Pines have lived from 4000-5000 years!
6. Well-maintained shrubs and trees can raise property value by up to 14 percent.
7. Forests cover almost one-third of the USA.