Bamboo is a type of flowering plant that belongs to the family Poaceae (grasses). There are almost 1500 species of bamboo that can be found in Asia, Australia, North and South America and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Bamboo can grow at different altitudes and under various climate conditions, but it prefers tropical climate. Bamboo is one of the most exploited plants on the planet because its cultivation doesn’t require too much effort.
This durable and tough plant is found on every continent and in every place that is warm and moist. From tropics to mountains it can survive anywhere. Some of them can grow up to 30 meters in height and others a few inches above the ground. Some of them grow 90cm in a day and you will be shocked to know that you can actually watch bamboo grow.
Besides low cost of maintenance, bamboo has numerous applications. It can be used in medicine, in the building industry, for the production of various woody objects or as an ingredient of numerous delicious meals. If you think the list ends here, read more to know about this amazing plant. Here are interesting Bamboo facts that you may or may not know.
1. The only plant to survive the nuclear bomb blast on Hiroshima was Bamboo, one Bamboo managed to survive the intense heat.
2. A great wood replacement. Bamboo is flexible and lightweight and stronger than steel and most hardwoods. Bamboo is also more affordable than wood as it is easy to grow and one of the cheapest construction materials around. It can be used as a construction substitute for any sort of wood. You’ll see bamboo turned into skateboards, bicycles and bike helmets because of its light weight and durability. The many uses of bamboo make it perfect for fencing, flooring, building posts and house walls.
3. Flowers of bamboo are rarely seen. Some species of bamboo develop flowers after 65 or 120 years. Interesting fact about flowering is that all plants of one bamboo species develop flowers at the same time, no matter where they are located in the world.
4. Various animals on the planet used bamboo in their diet. Panda’s diet is based on bamboo exclusively, while mountain gorilla and lemurs of the Madagascar eat bamboo to enrich their regular diet.
5. It is a great soil conservation tool. It greatly reduces erosion with a sum of stem flow rate and canopy intercept of 25%. This dramatically reduces rain run-off, preventing massive soil erosion and making it very earth friendly.
6. It is the fastest growing plant on this planet. It can grow 3 feet in height in 24 hours under appropriate climate conditions. Unlike other woody plants, bamboo reaches maturity after only 3 to 5 years. It is the only plant left in the race of matching human consumption and deforestation.
7. bamboo releases 30% more oxygen into the atmosphere and absorbs more carbon dioxide compared to other plants. Because of these features, bamboo greatly decreases the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and cleans the air.
8. You will never see an infection on bamboo.It has a natural bioagent called bamboo Kun that prevents bacteria and other pathogens from growing on it.
9. Clothes made out of Bamboo keep the skin cool and dry. These fibers never cling to the body and are great for people with skin allergies. It works as a natural thermostat to control the temperature of the body.
10. Bamboo shoots are rich in fiber and potassium. A single serving of bamboo shoots contains 10% intake of the daily recommended intake. Crunchy bamboo shoots are a delicacy in soups, salads and as a complement to the main dish.
11. Bamboo plantations require no pesticides or fertilizers as it can grow on its own. The leaves droppings are enough to provide it with the necessary nutrients.