Interesting Facts About Peacock: Social Birds

With its massive tail and iridescent colors, Peacock has long fascinated its human observers—and we’re still learning its secrets. Most people use term “peacock” to describe both male and female birds, but peacock is actually a name that refers to male peafowl.
Peacocks belong to the pheasant family of birds, mainly found in Asia and are among the most decorated birds on earth. There are two species of peafowl: Indian Peafowl and Green Peafowl. Both types are endangered because of the habitat loss, smuggling and predation. Even among all pheasants, no other bird comes close to the peacock’s massive tail, the vibrant colors and its looks.
It is not without reason that India has chosen this colorful bird as its National Bird. The mighty Mughal emperor Shah Jahan even designed his throne in gold as a peacock that became the power seat for later Mughals
Here are some interesting facts about Peacock:
1. Depending on whether they want to attract females from far away or up close, they can change the sound by shaking different parts of their feathers. (They’re not the only animals that create infrasonic sounds. Elephants produce them with their vocal cords, most likely to communicate over long distances.)
2. They don’t have to be killed for their feathers. Luckily, the peacocks shed their train every year after mating season, so the feathers can be gathered and sold without the birds coming to any harm. The average lifespan of a peacock in the wild is about 20 years.
3. Peacocks were a delicacy in medieval times. The birds were plucked, roasted and then re-dressed in their feathers to appear in their original live state on the dinner table. The birds may have looked beautiful, but they reportedly tasted terrible.
4. Peacocks are born without a fancy tail. The male birds are very ordinary when they hatch. When young, they look like their mothers. It’s is only after 6 months that the males begin to look different. The plume only grows after 3 years of age and the tails can grow to as long as 6 feet.
5. The white peafowl are not albinos. A gene mutation causes peacocks to lose their pigmentation which turns them into while peafowls.
6. Peafowl are social birds. It’s typically only older peacocks that stay by themselves. They sleep in large groups in tall trees, which is called roosting, to protect themselves from other animals. They make shrieking sounds to alert each other of danger.
In the morning, they break up into small groups. In the nonbreeding season, these are usually groups of all peacocks or all peahens; but during the breeding season, there are harem groups of one peacock and several peahens or all bachelors.
7. Peacocks have elaborate feathers to show dominance and to attract peahens for mating purposes. The prettier the peacock, the more peahens he attracts by strutting around and shaking his feathers. Once mating is done, the female bird gathers various materials to create a nest. Males look for other peahens to mate.
8. They are one of the largest flying birds. Their length (including tail) can reach 5 feet. They can weigh between 8-13 pounds.
9. Colors of the tail will look different every time you change the angle of looking because of the reflection of the light. Tail feathers have eye-like spots, surrounded with red, green, gold and red feathers.
10. There are all-white peafowl. Thanks to selective breeding, it’s common for captive peafowl to buck the iridescent trend for all white feathers. This is known as leucism, and it is due to a genetic mutation that causes loss of pigmentation.
These peafowl are often mistaken for being albino, but instead of having red eyes; animals with leucism retain their normal eye color.

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