Many people view scorpions as being dangerous and creepy living animals. With their curved stingers and powerful front pincers, scorpions even look very scary. These frightening features are just two of the tools scorpions utilize to survive.
According to the fossil data, scorpions have existed on Earth for about 430 million years, and they live in some of the harshest regions. They live in rain forests, hot deserts, and even mountains.
Scorpions are close relatives of ticks, spiders, and mites. It belongs to a group known as arachnids. There are 1200 scorpions’ species which can be found all over the world except on Antarctica, New Zealand Greenland, and some small islands.
Many scorpions’ species live in warm climate. Few species lives in a cold climate. Scorpions have existed on Earth for a very long time. Modern and prehistoric scorpions look alike, except that former are two times smaller in size.
Scorpions are arthropods; they’ve two pedipalps, eight legs, and a tail having a venom-injecting barb. They also have two venom glands which produce venom used for self-defense and hunting. Scorpions don’t have bones; instead, they have an exoskeleton made of the chitin that’s similar to a shrimp’s shell. To learn more about these scary creatures, let’s look at some interesting facts about them.
1. The Scorpion does not have excellent vision despite having very many eyes. They often have six eyes, but they can have as many as twelve.
2. All scorpions are venomous. They often use their venom in self-defense, to paralyze and kill their prey. Even tiny, young scorpions can inject you with the similar amount of toxin as the adults. Only about 25 to 30 of them have a kind of poison which is powerful enough to make someone very ill or even kill them.
3. Scorpions are one of the oldest creatures on Earth. In fact, their evolutionary history dates back to the Silurian period 430 million years ago. They evolved from the giant scorpion-like animals which emerged from the sea and have remained morphologically unchanged to date.
4. The type of food determines the strength and type of the venom. The most dangerous species live in the Middle East and North America. Out of the 1200 known species, about 30-40 are deadly for human beings.
5. Cockroaches and scorpions are among the only creatures known to survive the detonation of the nuclear weapons. Also, they glow when exposed to Ultra-Violet light (this is how scientists and researchers spot them in the night), using the UV lamps.
6. The biggest scorpion is Emperor Scorpion. They’re dark brown to black. Emperor scorpions live in tropical West Africa. Fully-grown Emperor Scorpion has an average size of twenty centimeters (eight inches) long.
7. In the US the only native type of scorpion that’s dangerous is the Arizona bark scorpion, found in Mexico and the Southwest United States.
8. Scorpions don’t eat very often. After eating one meal, they may not eat again for many weeks. Some scorpions can survive more than one year without eating. Scorpions can also stay underground and use the minimal amount of energy to live.
9. Scorpions are burrowers; this is essential for anyone considering of keeping a Scorpion as a pet. One major challenge of scorpions is living without soil. Therefore, loose soil is a critical factor if you want a pet that’s alive.
10. The deathstalker scorpion can be very aggressive, and its venom is one of the most deadly of any other scorpion. Scorpions use their pincers to capture their prey. However, those that have strong pincers have little use for venom, while those that do not are armed instead with a potent poison. The pincers of deathstalker scorpion may appear large, but they are rather weak, so it’s to sting its prey rapidly and more efficiently. The sting from the deathstalker scorpion is so painful but is hardly fatal. People with heart problems or allergies, though, have a greater risk of death.
11. They’re very sensitive to light, so they are not going to be out roaming in the sun.