Interesting Facts About Sloths: Home For Minority Groups Of Organisms

Globally, sloths have several fans. That is because they are one of the most interesting and funny animals. However, some individuals think they are very weird.
Sloths are adorable, slow-moving animals native to South and Central America. They are solitary animals and just happen to offer a habitat for a variety of other living organisms. For example, did you know that one sloth may be home to beetles, moths, fungi, cockroaches, and algae?
Sloth is a kind of weird-looking animal characterized by their slow movement in trees. There are 5 subspecies of sloths which can be divided into 2 main groups: three-toed and two-toed sloths. They usually prefer life in dense tropical as well as subtropical rainforests.
These animals can’t adapt swiftly to the changes in their environment such as habitat loss that drastically lowers the number of sloths in the wild. In fact, some subspecies are already endangered.
Sloths have been misunderstood ever since different naturalists first described them in the 1700s. Early scientists did describe these slow-moving beasts as useless and lazy and even believed they were unlikely to survive because of its imperfections. Both reputations did not give the real representation of this amazing creature.
Recently, sloths have experienced an image makeover. Currently, they’re touted online as the most adorable animals in the universe. Scroll down for an exclusive list of 8 more surprising and exciting sloth facts.
1. Sloths risk their lives to poop!
Sloths always fear for their safety, and that is why the hardly leave the canopy of the rain forest. But once a week, these slow-moving creatures descend to the base of their favorite tree to defecate. The exact reason for this dangerous movement remains a mystery, but scientists believe that it may assist them to maintain the algae in their fur.
2. Sloths can maintain their grip after death
Since they usually spend their time in trees, the limbs and muscles of sloths have been built to climb any trunks to escape predators and also to find food.
According to National Geographic, these mammals spend much of their time in the tree such that a tree holds their life in balance, even after they have died.
The sloth’s grip is very firm that at times when they die, they’re still found clinging to the same branch they were lounging from when they were alive, thanks to their muscles and claws.
3. Sloths spend 90% of their entire lives inverted
Recently, one researcher in Costa Rica found out that sloths spend nearly all of their time upside down. It was determined by equipping wild sloths with the backpacks which track their movements and activities.
To handle the gravitational pull, sloths have evolved distinct fibrous adhesions which keep their organs in one position for an extended period.
4. Sloths do not sleep all day
Although caged sloths have been famous for sleeping 15-20 hours per day, wild sloths only snooze for ten hours.
5. Three-toed sloths can turn their necks nearly 360 degrees
Being able to turn your neck nearly 360 degrees might not offer much assistance in nature as having sharp teeth or claws (unless sloths visit bars we do not know about now where they entertain their friends with some bar tricks), but the three-toed sloths are a bit more advanced than their two-toed counterparts. They can turn their heads nearly 270 degrees in any direction since they’ve about three additional vertebrae than the two-toed sloths.
6. The disgusting fungus in the fur of sloths could cure cancer
The previous year, some scientists took different samples of the fungus obtained from the sloth hairs and discovered that some were adept at fighting bacteria, parasites, and even the breast cancer cells. The researchers who conducted this study are optimistic that potentially life-saving drugs could be developed from this fungus.
7. Sloths are good swimmers
Sloths are known to be slow in trees, but they can move up nearly three times faster in water.
8. The metabolism of sloths is as slow as they are
A sloth can take up to one month to digest a single leaf. To avoid any accidental poisoning, sloths do not eat very many leaves from a single tree.

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