Akbar the Great was born on 14th October 1542, at the Rajput Fortress of Umerkot in Sindh. He was the son of Hamida Banu Begum, his mother and Humayun, his father. His parents were in exile when Akbar was born.
Akbar’s entire childhood involved learning how to hunt and fight. He didn’t have an interest in learning how to write and read. But, he was the only Moghul Emperor who had no formal education and still had a great desire for knowledge.
Following his father’s death, Akbar became a king at the age of 13. He was with Bairam Khan at the moment of his father died and Bairam was made the Regent since Akbar was very young. On several times Bairam led the campaigns on behalf of Akbar to enlarge the kingdom.
Hemu, the Hindu minister of the Afghan Prince, Adil Shah, was waiting eagerly for an opportunity to overthrow Akbar. Hemu attacked the Delhi kingdom and emerged the winner, thus crowning himself the ruler of Delhi.
Akbar, I was the 3rd Mughal emperor and one of the most famous emperors of Indian history. Akbar, also known as Shahanshah Akbar-e-Azam, was famous for his liberal attitude towards other religions.
1. Akbar developed a highly efficient bureaucracy system to aid in controlling his empire. He appointed mansabars to governed small regions.
2. Akbar had a remarkable parliament with several talented members. There were 9 jewels in his parliament- Abdul Rahim, Birbal, Abdul Fazal, Faizi, Raja Man Singh, Hamim Human, Tansen, Shaikh Mubarak, Todar Mal.
3. On top of being an excellent administrator and the founder of religion, Akbar was also fond of amazing architectural structures. During his rule, he developed several magnificent architectural masterpieces, and it also became a huge legacy for the Mughal rulers.
It manifests from the fact that his successors Shah Jahan and Jahangir continued to build several architectural masterpieces. On his watch, he built several historical monuments such as Fatehpur Sikri, Agra Fort, Lahore Palace, Buland Darwaza, etc.
4. Even though Akbar was a very young king, he was organized and smart. He was able to deal with all his ministers who he believed they were very ambitious and were intending to take up his position. He got rid of restrictions on the religions and allowed his subjects to practice their preferred religion, without any fear for their life.
5. Though illiterate, scholars such as Abul Fazl, Birbal, and Tansen who were part of the Nine Navaratnas or Gems surrounded Akbar. He took a keen interest in music, religion, poetry, painting, and philosophy.
6. Akbar was fair to his people and even removed unfair taxes on non-Muslims. Also, he played an essential role in coming up with social reforms like permission for the widows to re-marry, the abolishment of child marriage, and the abolition of bans to construct Hindu temples.
7. Akbar had three sons, Daniyal, Murad and Jahangir. Jahangir was the only surviving son since the other two passed away while they were still very young. Akbar and Jahangir didn’t have an excellent relationship and were at constant loggerheads with each other.
8. He had an extensive collection of manuscripts and books and was also the owner of some artworks from across the region. However, his greatest achievement lay in the architecture. He constructed unique structures such as the Jama Masjid which stands tall up to today. Akbar even built a palace for his wife near the Hawa Mahal.
9. In his kingdom, Akbar had about 1000 cheetahs as his pets. After all, women weren’t the only objects of interest for him. Madan Kali was his favorite cheetah. The drummers announced his arrival. Akbar used to feed him with his hands while his ministers were scared of it. Mahuwa was his favorite dog. He also used to visit the stables of his pet daily without failing to check on them, which annoyed his religious teachers.