Interesting Facts About Augustus Caesar: First Roman Emperor

Caesar Augustus was born on September 23rd, 63 B.C., in Velletri, Italy. He was named Gaius Octavius when he was born.  Julius Caesar, his great-uncle, developed a high interest in Augustus. When Julius Caesar was killed, Augustus found out that he was the heir of Julius Caesar to the throne.
However, before he could get the throne, he was compelled to battle the armies of Marc Antony and Cleopatra VII, who had their plans to secure power after the death of Julius Caesar. Augustus emerged victorious, and during his reign as first Roman emperor of Egypt, the country was prosperous and peaceful.
After ruling Rome for over 40 years, Augustus passed away on August 19th, 14 A.D., at a villa in Nola near Mount Vesuvius. They cremated his body and put in a massive family tomb, with his self-proclaimed achievements engraved on the bronze pillars at the entrance.  Not to be outperformed, the Senate declared Caesar, a god.
Let’s now explore some interesting facts about a man who, even though he claimed to have rebuilt the centuries-old Roman Republic, in reality, converted it into an empire.
1. He couldn’t tolerate any political enemies. Therefore, he eliminated them through proscriptions. The Second Triumvirate did last for two terms (each five years), from 43 BC to 33 BC.
The three triumvirs created a list of their political rivals and brought in motion proscriptions that resulted in the banishment or execution of about 300 senators and 2000 members of a class below the senators, the knights or equities.
Rewards were offered as an incentive for the Romans to go for those who were proscribed, while the triumvirs seized all assets of the proscribed. Octavian and Antony also declared civil war to revenge the assassination of Julius Caesar.
Under the Mark Antony’s leadership, they won two massive battles of Philippi in October 42 BC against the assassins of Caesar, Cassius, and Brutus, both of whom committed suicide.
2. Caesar had only kid although he married three times. He married Clodia Pulchra, Mark Antony’s stepdaughter in 40 BC. The marriage lasted for a very short period and was never consummated.
In 40 BC, Augustus and Clodia divorced, and the same year, he married Scribonia. His second marriage is also regarded unsuccessful, even though through it, he would’ve his only kid, Julia the Elder.
Again, Augustus and Scribonia separated in 39 BC, the same day Julia was born. On 17th January 38 BC, he married Livia Drusilla. The Augustus’ third marriage proved to be a successful one and lasted till he died in 14 AD.
Augustus offered Livia an extraordinary honor of ruling her finances and even built a public statue to her. Tiberius, the son of Livia’s from the previous marriage, took over as the emperor after succeeding Augustus Caesar and ruled Roman Empire from 14 AD to 37 AD when he died.
3. The month of August was named after Augustus Caesar. With Roman Empire in an era of relative peace and prosperity, the Senate agreed to vote in 8 B.C. to rename the Sextilis month after Augustus.
During that particular month, the Senate allegedly clarified in its decree, Augustus had initially become a diplomat and had earned his final victory over Cleopatra and Antony. On their calendar, it followed July (previously known as Quintilis) that had been renamed recently in Julius Caesar’s honor.
4. The next five emperors were all relatives of Augustus. The reputation of Augustus as a leader who brought stability to Rome proved strong that the emperorship remained in the hands of his relatives until A.D. 68 when Nero killed himself after being overthrown in a coup. Even though a short civil war started—four emperors ruled in A.D. 69 alone—it was just a negligible blip in the 200-year Pax Romana (Roman Peace) which Augustus had introduced. Meanwhile, the Empire itself would last in one way or another until the 15th century.
5. Augustus in sent his daughter into exile. An exponent of traditional firm values, Augustus constructed and renovated myriad temples during his rule, encouraged childbirth and marriage, and illegalized adultery despite supposedly being very unfaithful himself.
When Augustus found out in 2 B.C. that his only kid, Julia, had been sleeping out of the wedlock with several prominent men, including the son of Mark Antony, he expatriated her to the rocky island of Ventotene.
Even though he later permitted her to transfer to a less-isolated place, he never saw her daughter again. Augustus likewise expatriated his granddaughter for alleged adultery, although in two cases historians believe more factors may have influenced that decision

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