10 Interesting Facts You Probably Didn’t Know About Penguins

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Penguins are flightless birds. Instead of normal wings, penguins have flippers. There are less than 20 known species of penguins, and they all live in the Southern Hemisphere.
Apart from Antarctica, they can also be found in South Africa, South America, New Zealand and several Pacific islands. They are readily adaptable birds that is the reason they can be seen in many zoos and “Sea Worlds’ all over the world.
Even though all penguinpenguins-in-zoo species are native to the Southern Hemisphere, they’re not found only in the cold climates, like Antarctica. Actually, only some species of penguin are living so far south. Many species are also found in the temperate zone, and a single species, the Galapagos penguin, lives close to the equator.
Currently, the biggest species is an emperor penguin: on average adults are almost 1.1 meters (3 feet 7 inches) tall and weigh 77 lb. (35 kg) or even more. The smallest penguin species now is the little-blue penguin, also referred to as the fairy penguin that stands about 16 inches (40 cm) tall and weighs about 2.2 lb. (1 kg). Among the existing penguins, bigger penguins live in colder areas, while smaller penguins are usually found in the temperate or tropical climates. Some ancient species attained massive sizes, becoming as heavy or as tall as an adult human. These weren’t restricted to the Antarctic regions; contrarily, sub-Antarctic areas harbored strong diversity, and at least one large penguin is found in an area not quite 2,000 kilometers south of the equator 35 mya, in the climate absolutely warmer than at present.
Penguins are famous around the world, mainly for their unique waddling gait, upright and (in relation to other birds) lack fear of human beings. Their attractive black-and-white plumage is usually likened to the white tie suit. Falsely, some writers and artists have penguins found at the North Pole. This is wrong, as there are nearly no wild penguins in the North Pole, except the minor group on the northernmost of the Galapagos.
Penguins tend to have no distinct fear of humans and have always approached different groups of explorers with no hesitation. This is possible because penguins don’t have land predators in the Antarctica or close to offshore islands. Dogs also preyed upon some penguins as they were allowed in the Antarctica during the period of first human exploration as sled dogs, but they’re currently banned from the Antarctica. On the contrary, adult penguins are at high risk at sea from different predators like the leopard seal, the orca, and sharks. Typically, penguins don’t approach nearer than about 9.8 feet (three meters) at that point they become very nervous. Also, this is the distance which Antarctic tourists are requested to maintain from the Penguins (tourists aren’t supposed to move nearer than three meters, but aren’t expected to walk away in case the penguins come nearer).
Penguins are some of the most beloved and recognizable birds in the world, found in aquariums, zoos, and marine parks worldwide. Also, they are some of the amazing and unique birds due to their physical adaptations to survive in strange climates and to live majorly at the sea.
Do you know what makes penguins very special and interesting?
1. The light front and the dark back tuxedo-like coloration of classic penguin plumage is referred to as countershading and offers excellent camouflage from below and above to protect them in the water. In addition, it assists disguise penguins from their prey so that they can hunt more successfully.
2. The eyes of penguins work better underwater than they do on the land, providing them superior eyesight to spot their prey while hunting, even in a dark, cloudy or murky water.
3. Depending on the penguin’s species, a wild penguin can live for about 15-20 year. During that time, they spend approximately 75% of their lives at sea.
4. Penguins are carnivores. They eat krill, shrimps, fish, squids, etc.
5. Penguins are social animals. They live in huge communities that consist of 1,000- 10,000couples.
6. If penguin loses a chick, it can steal a new chick from other couples!
7. The fastest species is the Gentoo Penguin that can reach swimming speeds up to 22 mph.
8. Emperor penguins spend their whole lives in Antarctica-the Earth’s southernmost continent where temperatures can reduce as low as -60°C!!!
9. Emperor penguin males will always incubate their eggs for 2 months in the winter without eating while the females are at sea.
10. Even though they lack visible ears, penguins have superb hearing and depend on distinct calls to find their names when returning to the crowded breeding grounds.

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