Interesting Facts About Drowning: Difficult To Call For Help!

Each one of us knows water that gives us life is also capable of taking it away from us. Each year hundreds and thousands of people die because of drowning. Children are more susceptible to drowning. They can drown even in presence of adults right next to them! So, it is important to keep an eye on them always and look for any signs of drowning.
Drowning is one of those types of experiences that many people fear the most, and one that most parents fear their child will fall victim to. Contrary to popular belief, drowning doesn’t happen like it does in the cinema. While media depictions often include a loud, violent struggle, the truth is that an asphyxiated person can seldom call for help.
Drowning statistics are quite disturbing. The question is – ‘why the rate of deaths due to drowning is so alarmingly high?’ This is exactly what we intend to find out in this list of 7 interesting facts about drowning.
1. About one in five people who die from drowning are children 14 and younger.1 For every child who dies from drowning, another five receive emergency department care for nonfatal submersion injuries.
2. From 2005 to 2014, there were an average of 3,536 fatal unintentional drowning accidents (non-boating related) annually in the United States — about ten deaths per day. An additional 332 people died each year from drowning in boating-related incidents.
3. More than 50% of drowning victims treated in emergency departments require hospitalization or transfer for further care (compared to a hospitalization rate of about 6% for all unintentional injuries).
These nonfatal drowning injuries can cause severe brain damage that may result in long-term disabilities such as memory problems, learning disabilities, and permanent loss of basic functioning (e.g., permanent vegetative state).
4. Drowning in salt water usually takes longer. When a drowning person inhales salt water, the salt concentration in lungs increases. It is then that water from blood rushes into the lungs to dilute the salt water. As a result, the blood thickens. When the blood thickens, heart comes under pressure and causes cardiac arrest. This takes about 8-10 minutes. This is why it is easier to rescue people drowning in salt water like sea or ocean because rescuers get enough time to prevent cardiac arrest by hydrating with fresh water.
5. It is not really easy to recognize a drowning person. We see in movies that a drowning person shouts and yells and calls for help while throwing out arms and legs in all possible directions. THAT IS BOGUS AND UNTRUE!
Why is it so? Our respiratory system is designed to first breathe and then generate speech. So speech is secondary. So when a person drowns, his or her mouth usually sinks below the water surface and then resurfaces in very short successions.
This gives the respiratory system just enough time to concentrate on its primary function, i.e. breathing. A person tries to quickly inhale and exhale. Yelling becomes literally impossible.
6. One does not need an enormous amount of water to drown. Contrary to the popular belief that drowning means getting submerged in large water bodies, drowning can actually happen in as little as 30 mm of water. Drowning actually means a person lying in water or any liquid with face down and dying because of water (or liquid).
7. There is absolutely no reason to think that people can only drown in water. People can drown in other liquids too. For instance, oil! Drowning in industrial establishments usually occur by drowning in liquids other than water.

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