Interesting Facts About HIV/AIDS: Global Pandemic!

HIV/AIDS is perhaps the deadliest and most feared of all sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and it is no wonder why –this global epidemic has claimed tens of thousands of lives in various parts of the world. It is hard to believe that this ‘killer’ disease has only been recognized for nearly thirty years.
In that period, the epidemic has changed from a relatively mysterious disease to an international health crisis and claimed over thirty million lives. Despite the significant progress, AIDS continues to kill nearly 8,000 Americans annually. Elsewhere in the world, especially sub-Saharan Africa, the situation is much more dire, with more than 15 percent of the population infected with AIDS in some countries.
That is why people tend to associate HIV/AIDS with very specific regions around the world. Africa is home to staggering numbers of individuals living with HIV/AIDS and is often the first continent which comes to mind when thinking about HIV/AIDS. But, HIV/AIDS exists in all countries of the world, including the United States.
Unluckily, there is a lot of myths and misinformation out there about how HIV is contracted, spread and treated, and they have serious consequences. How much do you know about HIV/AIDS? Today we want to debunk these myths. So, read on to learn the truth and some more interesting facts about HIV/AIDS.
1. Geographically, sub-Sahara Africa experiences the worst AIDS epidemic, with about 65 percent of all cases reported there. Approximately 90 percent of kids with HIV live in the sub-Sahara Africa
2. The earliest known infection case with HIV-1 in a human being was detected in a sample of blood collected in 1959 from a man in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo.
3. Scientists have identified two strains of HIV: HIV-2 (from Sooty Mangabey monkey) and HIV-1 (from Central Common Chimpanzee). HIV-1 is more easily transmitted, more virulent, and is the cause of the high majority of the HIV infections globally. HIV-2 is harder to transmit and is widely confined to West Africa.
4. South Africa has more people infected with HIV than any other nation in the world, at about six million. South and Southeast Asia is the second most affected region in the world. This area has about four million cases or twelve percent of the population. About 2.4 million of these infections are in India.
5. Male circumcision assists to lower the risk of an infected female partner spreading HIV to uninfected man. It also reduces the risk of other STDs, infant urinary tract infection, and penile cancer.
6. In 2006, Sarah Porter, a woman from the UK, was one of the first women to be prosecuted for the reckless HIV transmission. She was reportedly driven to seek revenge on the black men whom she alleged that they were responsible for her infection. She was found guilty of grievous bodily harm through the reckless HIV transmission and sent to jail for 32 months.
7. Every year, World AIDS Day is observed on December 1st. The first World AIDS Day was celebrated on December 1, 1988. The international AIDS awareness symbol, the red ribbon, was adopted in 1991.
8. Although HIV has been found in saliva, eating utensils or sharing cups has never been reported to spread HIV/AIDS.
9. There has been only one documented case of HIV transmission through open-mouthed kissing. It occurred between an HIV-infected man who suffered from severe gum infection and his partner who had severe gum disease too.
10. On July 25, 1985, Rock Hudson became the first celebrity to go public with AIDS diagnosis. He passed on October 2, 1985, at the age of 59 in Beverly Hills, California.
11. In 1996, Johnson Aziga, an immigrant who lived in Canada, had unprotected sex with eleven women without notifying them of his HIV status even after being diagnosed as HIV-positive. Seven of those women later tested positive for HIV, and two later passed on from AIDS. He’s notorious for being the first individual convicted of first-degree murder in Canada for transmitting HIV.
12. The first heterosexual prominent case of AIDS was Arthur Ash, a famous American tennis player. In the 1980s, he contracted the HIV from a blood transfusion during the heart surgery. On February 6, 1993, he died of AIDS.
13. You can be infected with HIV and not feel sick. The virus may not cause the common symptoms for many years. You could be infected for over ten years and feel fine. During this period it is possible to transmit the disease to others. It is often not until HIV advances to AIDS -acquired immune deficiency syndrome -and the body immune system deteriorates which people struggle with common symptoms, including fever, cough, diarrhoea, weight loss, and neurological problems.

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