Interesting Facts About Vietnam War: The Second Indochina War

The Vietnam War was a painful experience for America. It became an integral part of American history. Since the war ended, it has been featured in many movies, documentaries, songs, and books.
The Vietnam War started on November 1st, 1955 and ended on April 30th, 1975. It lasted more than 18 years. It took place in Cambodia, North and South Vietnam, and Laos. The war is also known as the Second Indochina War because it followed the First Indochina War.
The Vietnam War fought between North and South Vietnam was devastating. It led to massive destruction and loss of lives. The Soviet Union, the Viet Cong, China, and other communist allies supported North Vietnam while the United States and other anti-communist allies supported South Vietnam.
The war was known as the Resistance War Against America in Vietnam. In 1973, the US Congress passed the Case-Church Amendment. It ended the United States military involvement in the Vietnam War. In 1975, North Vietnam captured Saigon, and the war ended.
Vietnam had separated into North and South Vietnam and adopted a different policy. North Vietnam, the communist, didn’t support the United States alignment with South Vietnam. Therefore, this was the main cause of the war.
Even though the Vietnam War was a resounding defeat for the US and caused personal trauma and political turmoil in the United States, some historians maintain that it prevented the spread of communism in the Indochina Peninsula.
Here are some interesting facts on the Vietnam War:
1. On March 16th, 1968, United States forces massacred more than 400 unarmed civilians, including women, elderly men, and children in South Vietnam in what’s known as the My Lai Massacre.
Lieutenant William L. Calley Jr. led the raid. He was court-martialed and sentenced to life imprisonment. However, his conviction was overturned in 1974, and he was released. No other military officer was charged for his or her involvement.
2. The US military used heavy chemical warfare during the Vietnam War. They used hazardous chemicals to destroy the foliage that the Viet Cong used to hide. People became sick, and birth defects resulted. Americans and Vietnamese’s health was destroyed.
3. Vietnamese communists in North Vietnam and the South Vietnamese communist rebels wanted to reunite Vietnam and take over the government in South Vietnam.
4. Many Americans opposed U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. They believed that war wasn’t the answer. They held anti-war protests in the form of marches, rallies, teach-ins, and songs.
5. Apart from the U.S. and South Vietnam, New Zealand and Australia also fought in Vietnam. However, South Korea sent the largest contingent of anti-Communist forces. Korean President wanted to send troops to Vietnam as early as 1954. Over 300,000 Korean troops fought in Vietnam, inflicting over 41,000 casualties while massacring nearly 5,000 civilians.
6. The Vietnam War wasn’t exclusively jungle warfare. Initially, the South and allied forces fought Viet Cong insurgents in the jungle. However, the battles became more set piece, complete with tanks and artillery as time wore on.
For example, the 1972 NVA Eastertide Offensive was the largest land movement since the Chinese crossed the Yalu River to enter the Korean War. The Eastertide Offensive consisted of twelve divisions. It was a well-planned and coordinated three-pronged invasion of the South.
7. The United States military produced recordings of eerie sounds and ghostly voices during the Vietnam War. They played them to the Vietcong, who believed that the soul of a person would wander the Earth forever if the body was not buried.

Leave a Reply, No Login Necessary.