Popularly in the world, today, Rogue waves (also known as killer waves or extreme waves) can occur in any ocean and consequences are catastrophic. They are huge and spontaneous surface waves which can be very dangerous, even to big ships like ocean liners.
They are known to be an open-water phenomenon, in which currents, winds, non-linear phenomena like solitons, and any other conditions cause a wave to form shortly. It is bigger than the “average” massive occurring wave (the substantial wave height) of that place and time. The fundamental underlying physics which makes phenomena like rogue waves possible is that dissimilar waves can travel at various speeds, and therefore they can ‘pile up’ in particular circumstances – called ‘constructive interference.’
Nonetheless, other situations can also increase to rogue waves, specifically, situations where instability effects or non-linear effects can cause energy to be transferred between waves and be concentrated in one or few incredibly huge waves before returning to ‘standard’ conditions.
Once regarded mythical and lacked clear evidence for their existence, rogue waves are currently proven to exist and identified to be a natural ocean’s occurrence. Eyewitness accounts from different Mariners and the damage inflicted on many ships have long suggested they happened. The earliest scientific evidence of their existence came with the recording of the rogue wave by Gorm platform that occurred in the central North Sea in 1984. A stand-out wave was spotted with a wave height of eleven meters in a relatively minimal sea state. Nevertheless, the wave which caught the great attention of the different scientific groups was the digital measurement of ‘Draupner wave’, the rogue wave at the Draupner platform located in the North Sea on January 1, 1995, with an optimum wave height of 84 ft. (25.6 meters) (peak elevation of 61 ft. (18.5 meters)) . During that incident, slight damage was also imposed on the platform, far above the sea level, proving that the reading was correct.
Read on to be informed of top 5 most dangerous waves in the world.
1. Cyclops (remote south coast Western Australia)
The ultra-square-shaped, below sea level, one-eyed monster, leads this list for good reasons. It is impossible to paddle simply into a surfboard and nearly gets complicated towing behind a jet ski.
If you blow a wave here, you will be washed straight onto the dry rocks that is a bummer since the nearest medical assistance is hours away.
2. Teahupoo (Tahiti)
The scariest thing about Teahupoo is that as the swell goes beyond ten feet the wave does not get taller, it only gets enormous. Usually, this seems like the whole ocean peeling over with the lip.
3. Shipsterns (Tasmania, Australia)
Set along a remote length of famous pristine Tasmanian coastline, you could almost refer this region picturesque if the wave itself was not very ugly.
Raw Antarctic swells often come out of Deep Ocean and build up into a roaring right-hander in front of the cliff that gives the spot its name.
4. Dungeons (Cape Town, South Africa)
It isn’t that shallow, and it does not break in front of any rocks, but it is situated off the tip of South Africa in the freezing Southern Ocean with shark-infested waters.
Dungeons usually hold Waves almost 70 feet that is why organizers have opted to put on an annual Big Wave Africa contest in this region since 1999.
5. Pipeline (Oahu, Hawaii)
The shallow lava reef which shapes Pipe’s famous round tube is full of bumps and trenches- meaning a nasty old moment for anyone falling out of the cliff from 12ft. above. Unfortunately, it happens with surprising regularity, even to the experienced natives.