Interesting Facts About The Law: Justice, Fairness, And Equality

Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through governmental or social institutions to regulate behavior. Law is a system that regulates and ensures that individuals or a community adhere to the will of the state.
State-enforced laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions.
Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. A constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein may influence the formation of laws themselves.
The law shapes economics, politics, society and history in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.
A general distinction can be made between civil law jurisdictions, in which a legislature or other central body codifies and consolidates their laws, and common law systems, where judge-made precedent is accepted as binding law.
The adjudication of the law is generally divided into two main areas. Civil law deals with the resolution of lawsuits (disputes) between individuals or organizations. Criminal law deals with conduct that is considered harmful to social order and in which the guilty party may be fined or imprisoned.
Law provides a source of scholarly inquiry into philosophy, sociology, legal history, and economic analysis. Law also raises important and complex issues concerning justice, fairness, and equality.
Below are some interesting facts about the law:
1. There is no presumption in law that, when parents separate, the children will go to live with the mother over the father. Nor does the law favor mothers over fathers or take account of any ‘rights’ or wishes they believe they have as parents.
The law says only that the court must do, at all times, what is in the best interests of the child. There is a presumption that involvement of a parent in the life of a child will further the child’s welfare, but only if this parent can be involved in the child’s life in a way which does not put the child at risk of suffering harm.
2. In Saudi Arabia, there is no minimum age for marriage. In 2008, a Saudi court refused an 8-year-old girl, who asked for a divorce from her 58-year-old husband.
3. In July 2013, a law was passed in China that states it is illegal for adult children to not visit their parents “often” in China. They are also required to attend to their parent’s spiritual needs.
4. Greek philosophy heavily influenced Roman law, but its detailed rules were developed by professional jurists and were highly sophisticated. Over the centuries between the rise and decline of the Roman Empire, law was adapted to cope with the changing social situations and underwent major codification under Theodosius II and Justinian I.
Although custom and case law replaced codes during the Dark Ages, Roman law was rediscovered around the 11th century when medieval legal scholars began to research Roman codes and adapt their concepts.
5. If you own any chickens in Quitman, Georgia, it’s illegal to let them cross the road. Simply put, the law essentially wants owners to have their chickens under control at all times.
6. In Sweden, it is illegal to be found buying the services of a prostitute, even though prostitution is legal. Which means the prostitutes themselves would not be breaking the law. In the past few years Iceland and Norway have also adopted this law.
7. The most prominent economic analyst of law is 1991 Nobel Prize winner Ronald Coase, whose first major article, The Nature of the Firm (1937), argued that the reason for the existence of firms (partnerships, companies, etc.) is the existence of transaction costs.

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