Interesting Facts About Jupiter: The Fourth Brightest Object In The Sky!

Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system. It is the fifth planet from the sun, classified as a gas planet and a giant just like Uranus, Saturn, and Neptune. Made up mostly of hydrogen, and a smaller percentage of helium, Jupiter does not have a very well-defined surface.
It was first seen in the 17th century by telescope, but astronomers have been observing and recording Jupiter since ancient times. The planet was named after the king of Roman gods, Jupiter. At night, Jupiter is often the fourth brightest object in the sky. The sun, the moon, and Venus are brighter.
The mysteries of the universe may never be fully discovered, but here are some interesting facts about Jupiter.
1. Jupiter has a big red spot known as Jupiter’s Great Red Spot. The red spot is a huge storm that has been continuously going on Jupiter for over 350 years. Winds inside this storm reach speeds of about 435 km/h (270 mp/h).
2. Eight spacecraft have visited Jupiter. Pioneer 10 and 11, Voyager 1 and 2, Galileo, Cassini, Ulysses, and New Horizons missions. NASA’s Juno probe successfully went into orbit around Jupiter July 4th, 2016, and we’ve been able to get to see some incredible close-up images of the planet just like with Pluto’s flyby of 2015. Other future missions may focus on the Jovian moons Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto, and their subsurface oceans.
3. Jupiter’s moon Ganymede is the largest moon in the solar system. They are sometimes called the Jovian satellites, the largest of these are Ganymede, Callisto Io, and Europa. Ganymede measures 5,268 km across, making it larger than the planet Mercury.
4. Jupiter’s rotation is the fastest of all the planets in the Solar System. It takes just under 10 hours to complete a full rotation on its axis, compared with 24 hours here on Earth. A day on Jupiter varies from nine hours and 56 minutes at both poles to nine hours and 50 minutes around the equator of the giant planet.
This exceedingly fast rotation causes Jupiter to bulge out at the equator and flatten at the top, causing the giant to be around 7% wider at the equator than it is at the poles. This rotation speed is exceptional when one considers the sheer size of the great planet, which allows it to reign high in yet another category: the shortest day in the planetary system.
Being a gaseous planet, Jupiter does not rotate as a solid sphere as Earth does. Instead, it rotates slightly faster at the equator than at the polar regions, at a speed of 50,000 kilometers (30,000 mi) per hour an hour—27 times faster than the earth rotates.
5. Jupiter has a very strong magnetic field. This is around 14 times stronger than the magnetic field found on Earth – the largest of any planet in the solar system.
6. Jupiter has unique cloud features. The upper atmosphere of Jupiter is divided into cloud belts and zones. They are made primarily of ammonia crystals, sulfur, and mixtures of the two compounds.
7. When people think of ring systems, Saturn naturally comes to mind. But in truth, both Uranus and Jupiter have ring systems of their own. There is a ring system around Jupiter but it is faint.
Jupiter’s where the third set to be discovered (after the other two), due to the fact that they are particularly faint. Jupiter’s rings consist of three main segments – an inner torus of particles known as the halo, a relatively bright main ring, and an outer gossamer ring.
8. Jupiter is the planet with the strongest pull of gravity in the Solar System. If we were able to stand on the surface of Jupiter, we would weigh three times as much as we would weigh on Earth. The only other object in the Solar System with a stronger pull of gravity is the Sun.

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