Interesting Facts About Nazca Lines: An Exquisite Archaeological Wonder

In 1927, the Airlines started flying over Peru and the Nazca region. The passengers reported some strange figures, shapes, and lines on the ground. The Nazca Lines are an exquisite archaeological wonder that was discovered 86 years back though they’re from over 1500 years ago. Its secrets remain a mystery to date.
Airplanes carrying tourists from different parts of the world soon conquered the Nazca skies. They discovered hundreds of designs in the region. The geoglyphs depict humanoid figures, animals and intriguing geometrical designs, but what’s one of the fascinating things about Nazca is that the drawings are scattered over 200 square miles.
The largest figures are 1,200 ft (370 m) long. In 1994, they were designated as the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Though some geoglyphs resemble Paracas motifs, most scholars believe the Nazca culture created the Nazca Lines between 500 BCE and 500 CE.
The complexity of the figures varies significantly. There are hundreds of geometric shapes and simple lines, more than 70 zoomorphic designs of animals, such as jaguars, fish, monkeys, llamas, and birds, and several human figures. Other designs include phytomorphic shapes, such as flowers and trees.
The designs are shallow lines in the ground made by removing the reddish pebbles and uncovering the grayish/whitish ground underneath. Scholars interpret the purpose of the designs differently. However, they attribute religious significance to them.
The Nazca lines have been preserved naturally because of the dry, windless, and stable climate of the plateau and its isolation. Rare weather changes may slightly alter the overall designs. As of 2012, the lines had deteriorated due to an influx of squatters occupying the plateau.
It is popularly believed that the lines and figures are only visible from an aircraft, but you can see them from the surrounding foothills or other high places.
Here we bring you SEVEN interesting facts about the Nazca lines:
1. One of the intriguing Nazca designs is the one that represents a Spider. Phyllis Pitluga, a protégé of Reiche and a senior astronomer at the Adler Planetarium, studied the star alignments. She conducted computer-aided studies. She asserted that the spider figure is an anamorphic diagram of constellation Orion.
2. The Nazca lines survived for very long because of the favorable weather conditions; wind is almost nonexistent, and there’s little rain in the region. The rapidly changing weather conditions in different parts of the world could cause significant damage to the Nazca lines. Only a small amount of water can wash away the Nazca lines.
3. You can truly appreciate the Nazca lines from the air. It’s almost impossible to make out the geometric patterns and figures when seen from the ground.
4. In 1985, an archaeologist Johan Reinhard theorized that the lines and figures were part of the worship of deities associated with water availability that directly related to the productivity of crops and success.
5. It is alleged that scientists from the University of Dresden researched the Nazca lines, measuring the electric conductivity and magnetic field. Their research revealed that the electric conductivity was 8000 times higher on the Nazca lines than the ones next to them.
6. The most famous Nazca glyphs are The Condor, The Hummingbird, The Heron, The Spider, The Astronaut, The Pelican, The Monkey, The Hands, and The Dog.
7. The largest figure at Nazca stretches almost 200 meters across. The Longest glyph goes for nine miles.

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